Lung Cancer Symptoms in Women Over 50
Lung Cancer Symptoms in Women Over 50 Did you know that the symptoms of lung cancer are often different in women than in men? However, it is not just the symptoms that differ. Many aspects of lung cancer, from the most common types of disease to survival, differ between the sexes. Let’s look at the ways that lung cancer is unique in women, and what you need to know to make sure you get the best medical care possible.
In women, lung cancer differs in many ways from lung cancer in men. However, despite the obvious differences in our outlook, we tend to bring men and women together when we talk about the disease. This is unfortunate because the reasons, the response to various treatments, the survival rate, and the most common symptoms are different. What are some facts about lung cancer in women?
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in women and kills more women every year than breast cancer, uterine cancer, and combined ovarian cancer. While smoking is the number one cause, 20 percent of women who develop lung cancer have never smoked. In addition, smokers have more lung cancer than smokers for smokers and smokers.
When considered as “male disease”, lung cancer is no longer discriminatory. In 2017, 116.990 men and 105.510 women will be diagnosed with the disease.
Lung cancer occurs in men at a slightly younger age in women, and about half of lung cancer occurs in women in young adults. Although the cause is not known (although not explained by smoking), a study conducted in 2018 surprised many things that the rate of catching lung cancer in young men was higher than that of young women and could not be explained by this difference. smoking behavior. Its incidence is only recently higher (data from 1995 to 1999). The statistics that examined the gender-based incidence from 2010 to 2014 revealed that women accounted for more than 50 percent of lung cancer cases in women aged 30-34, 35-39, 40-44 and 45-49 years.
Women against men: Lung cancer types usually vary between women and men. There are two types of primary lung cancer:
- Non-small cell lung cancer, approximately 80 percent of lung cancer
- Small cell lung cancer representing 15 to 20 percent of lung cancers.
Non-small cell lung cancers are the most common type of lung cancer in women. Small cell lung cancers are more common in men, but a man is more likely to develop small cell lung cancer than a woman.
Small cell lung cancers tend to spread more easily, and this may explain some differences in prognosis between genders. There are three subtypes of non-small cell lung cancer and these also differ between genders. These include:
- Pulmonary adenocarcinoma responsible for approximately 50% of these cancers
- Pulmonary squamous carcinoma of approximately 30 percent of non-small cell lung cancers.
- Large cell lung cancer constituting about 10 percent of these cells.
(The numbers here do not add up to 100 percent, as some tumors have more than one type of lung cancer.)
Pulmonary adenocarcinoma is the most common type of lung cancer in women and is also the type of lung cancer that is less associated with smoking. Men are more likely to develop squamous cell lung cancer than women.
BAC (Bronchoalveolar carcinoma), a re-classified condition of pulmonary adenocarcinoma, is a rare type of lung cancer that is more common in women. For unknown reasons, the incidence of BAC (now classified as pulmonary adenocarcinoma) is increasing worldwide, particularly among young and non-smoking women.
These differences in the types of lung cancer between women and men may explain some of the most common symptoms in men and women.
Less common symptoms: As mentioned above, the most common types of lung cancer in males tend to grow near central airlines. These tumors tend to cause symptoms earlier in the course of the disease, with symptoms related to the presence of the tumor near the airways. As such, cough up blood, an obstruction that leads to a collapsed lung (atelectasis), and cough can be seen earlier in lung cancers found in men who would be in women.
Another group of symptoms that are occasionally seen with lung cancer is something called paraneoplastic syndrome. A paraneoplastic syndrome is a group of symptoms caused by hormone-like substances secreted by tumors and is most often seen with small cell lung cancers, squamous cell lung cancers, and cell carcinomas Large, cancers that are most often found in men.
Lung Cancer Symptoms in Women Over 50
Paraneoplastic symptoms may include a high level of calcium in the blood (hypercalcemia), a low level of sodium, weakness in the upper limbs, loss of coordination, and muscle cramps among other symptoms.
Treatment options: The treatments you and your doctor choose, often include a combination of therapies. To understand how they are used, it can help define the purpose of these different treatments.
- Local treatments-local treatments are designed to eliminate cancer cells at the source, locally, and include surgery and radiotherapy.
- Systemic treatments-systemic treatments are designed to treat cancer cells in any part of the body, not just in the lungs. This is important if cancer has spread beyond the lungs or if there is a possibility that at least a few cells have traveled beyond the lungs. Systemic treatments include chemotherapy, targeted therapies, and immunotherapy.